Why are women living longer than men?

Everywhere in the world women live longer than men – but this was not always the case. The available data from rich countries shows that women didn’t live longer than men in the 19th century. Why do women live longer than men, and why is this difference growing over time? We have only a small amount of evidence and the evidence isn’t sufficient to draw an absolute conclusion. We are aware that behavioral, biological and environmental factors play a role in the fact that women have longer lives than men, However, we’re not sure what the contribution of each of these factors is.

We are aware that women are living longer than males, regardless of weight. However this isn’t due to the fact that certain biological or non-biological factors have changed. The factors changing are numerous. Some are well known and relatively straightforward, like the fact that men smoke more often. Other are more complicated. For example, there is evidence that in rich countries the female advantage increased in part because infectious diseases used to affect women disproportionately a century ago, so advances in medicine that reduced the long-term health burden from infectious diseases, especially for survivors, ended up raising women’s longevity disproportionately.

Everywhere in the world women tend to live longer than men

The first chart below shows life expectancy at birth for men and women. As you can see, all countries are above the diagonal parity line , this means that in all countries a newborn girl can expect to live for longer than a newborn boy.1

This chart shows that, although women have an advantage across all countries, Salinc.ru/redirect.php?url=https://glorynote.com/%D8%A7%D9%81%D8%B6%D9%84-%D9%83%D8%B1%D9%8A%D9%85-%D9%84%D9%84%D8%B4%D8%B9%D8%B1/; please click the up coming website page,/; please click the up coming website page, differences between countries can be significant. In Russia women have an average of 10 years more than men, while in Bhutan the difference is less than half each year.



The advantage for women in life expectancy was smaller in the richer countries than it is today.

Let’s examine how the gender advantage in terms of longevity has changed over time. The next chart shows the male and female lifespans when they were born in the US from 1790 to 2014. Two points stand out.

There is an upward trend. as well as women in the US live much, much longer than they did a century ago. This is in line with historical increases in life expectancy everywhere in the world.

There is an increase in the gap between men and women: female advantage in life expectancy used be extremely small however it increased dramatically over the last century.

Using the option ‘Change country by country’ in the chart, you will be able to verify that these two points are also applicable to the other countries having available information: Sweden, France and the UK.

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